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Topic info
Nickname: 
Yak
A species of : 
Yak
Scholarly resource: 
Groupe Collégia
Bishop's University, Sherbrooke
Concordia University, Montreal
Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Rouyn-Noranda
Abstract: 
Because of its solid constitution and thick fleece, Yak can inhabit Tibet’s high plateau with permanent snow where the cold temperatures are extreme. It lives well in high altitudes such as 4000 to 6000 meters (13000 to 19685 feet).
Abstract: 
It usually lives well at those heights, where the oxygen is rare, because of a high concentration in red blood cells, which increases the oxygenation of the cells. Despite short legs and a large body, the Yak is a good climber and can climb up the mountains to reach the high plateau during seasonal migrations. Hearing and smell are well developed senses.
Outline: 
The Yak has a massive body with a thick and woolly fur with a colour varying from brown to black, a fluffy tail, long horns and short legs.
ANIMAL SPECIFICATIONS
Audio: 
Family: 
Bovidae
Class: 
Mammals
Region: 
Central Asian
Status: 
Abundant
Zoo Area: 
Tibetyampayaks.com
Scientific Name: 
Bos grunniens and Bos mutus
Common Name: 
dzos or dzomos

Location

Canada

Yaks are around 3.3 meters (11 feet) in length, not including their 60 centimeter tail, and stand up to two meters at the shoulder. They weigh up to 525 kilograms (1,160 pounds). Their horns may reach 95 centimeters (38 inches) in length. Females tend to be smaller than males.

Yak's Males spend most of the year alone or in small groups of a dozen males.

They will join the females during the reproduction season. A female gives birth to only one young at a time, every two years, after 258 day (8 ½ months) of gestation.

An individual can live up to 25 years in nature. The Tibetan Wolf is the main predator of the Yak. The 12 millions domesticated animals are precious to the Tibetan people.

They are raised for their meat, wool and milk. According to the IUCN, the Wild Yak is presently on the Red Data List and is considered vulnerable; there would remain only about 10 000 (2001) individuals in the wild.

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